Missouri in the Civil War – the 44th Missouri Infantry

Missouri in the Civil War

44th Missouri Infantry

Brothers in Battle

History and Roll of Honor

The men of the 44th Missouri were brothers in battle with the 175th and 183rd Ohio in middle Tennessee during November and December of 1864. The three regiments have been forever linked in history by Eric Jacobson and Richard Rupp in their book Baptism of Fire. Prior to the extensive research undertaken by these historians the history of The Battle of Franklin, what led to it, and what followed, was written differently. “Forgotten” is the appropriate word for the three regiments – history is now rewritten and credit where due has been given. Eric said it, and I’ll paraphrase; the men of these three regiments deserved a better fate.

Prior to Eric and Richard’s work, history, at least that of Franklin, was told by self-absorbed commanders, or commanders who were far from the actual events. Often the real details were hidden in the smoke and the mass of humanity involved in battle. Our brothers have found their places in history. The following presentation is just a small part of the history of the 44th. A few web-sites, listed below, are recommended by the people at the NEW Missouri Civil War Museum. Please visit the separate post on this site for information regarding the museum.

http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/soldiers/results.asp?txtName=&selConflict=Civil%20War&txtUnit=44&rbBranch

http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm

http://www.civilwardata.com

History and Service:

  • The 44th Infantry Regiment was organized at St. Joseph, Missouri between August 22 and September 7, 1864.
    • Attached to District of Rolla, Dept. of Missouri to November, 1864. Moved to Rolla, Mo., September 14-18, 1864, and duty there till November 5. Expedition from Rolla to Licking November 5-9. Near Licking November 9. Moved to Paducah, Ky., November 12-16
    • Attached Dept. of Ohio, November, 1864. Unattached, 23rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to December, 1864. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., November 24-27, and to Columbia, Tenn., November 28. Spring Hill November 29. Battle of Franklin November 30.

As November 1864 neared its end troops were urgently needed in middle Tennessee. The 44th moved to Paducah and then Nashville where they immediately boarded rail cars headed to Columbia, TN. In the cars, already loaded, were the men of the 183rd Ohio. If one reads the History of the 183rd beginning in Nashville to their arrival at Franklin, you have read the travels of the 44th, mostly marching north (right through the Confederate Army) with a small interference at Spring Hill. At Franklin the 44th was held in reserve just to the west of Columbia Pike. The 183rd was further west and the 175th Ohio was just across the pike to the east, also in reserve. When the Confederate Army attacked the Union lines they were able to breach the area at the pike and as they did Union troops up front were forced back. The whole mass crashed right into the 44th Missouri. Simply stated, had the 44th faltered the Battle of Franklin may have been lost. Instead they stood their ground and fought with great courage until reinforcements came forward and until the retreating main line troops were able to gather themselves and rejoin the fight.

  • Attached 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to February, 1865. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to Columbia and Pulaski December 17-28. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., December 29-January 2, 1865, thence to Eastport, Miss., January 9-11, and duty there till February 6, 1865.

The actual battle at Franklin lasted a little over five (5) hours. At about 9:00 p.m. most of the fighting ended and at midnight the Union Army moved across the Harpeth River, north to Nashville. There the 44th was told to report to Commander A.J. Smith. The Army was reorganized with two old divisions now under Smith’s command. The Battle of Nashville began on December 15. The men were first held in reserve and then moved forward to the main body and joined the attacked Hood’s Army, driving them back about one mile. They did not suffer any losses. On Dec. 16 they were held in reserve as the Union Army continued their attack and forced Hood into full retreat. Hood’s army was defeated.

The 44th joined in pursuit of Hood to Pulaski. In their pursuit they passed through Franklin and there they recovered men who had been wounded and left behind, including Thomas Richardson, Henry Harris, and Ben Branch. By the time they reached Pulaski the majority of the men were barefooted, wrapping their feet to keep theem warm on the cold winter ground.

  • Attached 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps (New), Military Division West Mississippi, to August, 1865. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to New Orleans, La., February 6-21. Campaign against Mobile, Ala., and its defenses March 11-April 12. Expedition from Dauphin Island to Fowl River Narrows March 18-22. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25, thence to Tuskegee, and duty there till July 19. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to St. Louis, Mo., July 19-August 4. Mustered out August 15, 1865.
  • Mustered out August 15, 1865.

Official records found in most historical accounts will list; “Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 61 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 168 Enlisted men by disease; total 238.”

The regiment’s five hours at The Battle of Franklin, Tennessee accounted for 67 dead, 39 captured (survivors), and 43 wounded; total 149. This accounts for sixty-percent of the regiment’s casualties. Given my focus on Tennessee I will not pursue further the Roll of Honor. I will hope that others will do so someday. I suspect that they might find that many of that “168 by disease” will have taken place in the deep-south as their winter turned into summer.

It has been an honor to help Eric Jacobson and Richard Rupp keep the memory of the men of the 44th Missouri alive.

Bob Werner – 2013 

 

ROLL OF HONOR (Tennessee Only)

Men Killed in Action or Mortally Wounded at Franklin or Died in Prison*

 

William T. Allen, age 18, Pvt. Co. C

Pleasant M. Bales, age 56, Pvt. Co. F captured – appears Pleasant lied about his age

James S. Barnes, age 34, Cpl. Co. G

Solomon Bartlett, age 37, Pvt. Co. E captured

George Beane, age 27, 1st Sgt. Co. C

Benjamin F. Bondurant, age 21, Pvt. Co. I

Charles W. Bowen, age 22, Pvt. Co. F

George A. Cannon, age 18, Pvt. Co. E

James Carroll, age 27, Pvt. Co. C buried at Stones River National Cemetery

Horatio Cast (Cass), age 18, Pvt. Co. D captured

 

Andrew J. Caster, age 36, Pvt. Co. E

Jerome Chadd, age 21, Pvt. Co. G captured

Lewis Constable, age 19, Pvt. Co. D

Harvey Crawford, age 23, Pvt. Co. E captured

Samuel Chrisman Sr., age 27, Pvt. Co. K

John Dean, age 21, Pvt. Co. A

Ezra Dunbar, age 42, Pvt. Co. B captured

James T. Dunlap, age 47, 1st Lt. Co. E

Daniel Dunn, age 40, Pvt. Co. G captured, buried as an unknown at Nashville City Cemetery

Thomas J. Dykes, age 18, Pvt. Co. D

Amos A. Dunton, age 18, Pvt. Co. K

Charles W. Eaton, age 18, Cpl. Co. I

Levi Eaton, age 36, Pvt. Co. I buried at Nashville National Cemetery

James Fitzpatrick, age unknown, Pvt. Co. D died of sickness

James B. Fugett, age 18, Pvt. Co. C captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

Alburtus Gallimore, age 32, Cpl. Co. I

Hudson Goben, age 23, 1st Sgt. Co. A

Furney Hall, age 18, Pvt. Co. B captured

John F. Hall, age 18, Pvt. Co. I died from disease

Moses Hicks, age 43, Pvt. Co. B died of sickness – buried at Nashville National Cemetery

James H. Hubbard, age 18, Pvt. Co. I died of disease

Ariel W. Jones, age 21, Pvt. Co. E

Benjamin E. Kirgan, age 44, 2nd Lt. Co. F

Luther K. Lowell, age 32, Cpl. Co. D

Mathias Lynch, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

John Marshall, age 33, Pvt. Co. E

Thomas Marshall, age 25, Pvt. Co. F

John Martin, age 18, Pvt. Co. H captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

James McKissack, age 23, Cpl. Co. B

Caswell Mears, age 38, Pvt. Co. A captured

Benton K. Morelock, age 18, Pvt. Co. E

John Murry, age 18, Cpl. Co. C

Alonzo Newcomb, age 21, Pvt. Co. K

Elisha Odell, age 18, Pvt. Co. B captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

Simon Odell Sr., age 42, Cpl. Co. B

Austin S. Perryman, age21, Cpl. Co. D

Henry S. Phillips, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

James E. Phipps, age 18, Pvt. Co. K

John R. Purcell, age 19, Pvt. Co. G captured, buried at Andersonville

Elbert Routt, age 42, Pvt. Co. C captured

Reuben G. Shackelford, age 22, Pvt. Co. I

Andrew Smiley, age 25, Pvt. Co. I

Asa Smith, age 44, Pvt. Co. F wounded and died of disease

James M. Steele, age 32, 1st Lt. Co. F wounded and died of disease

Romulus Sullinger, age 28, Pvt. Co. B captured – buried at Jefferson Barracks

Josiah Swisher, age 34, Pvt. Co. H buried at Stones River National Cemetery

William R. Tarwater, age 40, Pvt. Co. B captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

Volney Thurman, age 21, Pvt. Co. F wounded and died of disease

Samuel J. Warren, age 33, 2nd  Lt. Co. K

Henry C. Wells, age 19, Pvt. Co. B

Alexander J. Whitmore (Whitmer), age 23, Pvt. Co. C

William B. Williams, age 24, Pvt. Co. B

Hartwell G. Wilson, age 18, Pvt. Co. G

Jesse Wilson, age 29, Pvt. Co. B

James C. Wood, Pvt. Co. A captured – buried at Nashville National Cemetery

Samuel L. Woods, age 35, Pvt. Co. K

Cpl. John Ziefle, age 23, Co. G

*if captured most died in prisons, a small few in hospitals after release or exchange, and even a         very small few of those died in transit on their way home

 

CAPTURED AT FRANKLIN  (that survied)

 

Hiram H. Bennett, age 17, Pvt. Co. C

Robert P. Bennett, age 30, Pvt. Co. A

John Blair, age 33, Pvt. Co. C captured at Spring Hill not Franklin

Samuel V. Bradford, age 19, Pvt. Co. F

William M. Brown, age 42, Pvt. Co. C

Lucius Butler, age 18, Pvt. Co. D

Benjamin D. Carpenter, age 20, Pvt. Co. B

Thomas Clark, age 21, Pvt. Co. H

Aaron Clevenger, age 44, Pvt. Co. B

Isaac Clevenger, age 18, Pvt. Co. B

Andrew M. Colton, age 17, Pvt. Co. G

Daniel J. Crump, age 22, Pvt. Co. K

Owen M. Daniel, age 24, Pvt. Co. G rescued at Columbia during Hood’s retreat

Henry C. Dennison, age 20, Cpl. Co. H

Adam Givens Duffield, age 16, Pvt. Co. K

Benjamin A. Dunbar, age 18, Pvt. Co. G

Houston A. Evens, age 22, Pvt. Co. B

David Green, age 19, Pvt. Co. F

Henry John Heislinger, age 20, Pvt. Co. F

Riley Hopper, age 39, Pvt. Co. K

Thomas Ireland, age 42, Sgt. Co. C

Hiram Jackson, age 25, Pvt. Co. K

Francis M. Jones, age 18, Pvt. Co. F

Henry Kellner (Killner), age 36, Pvt. Co. F

Ambrozine Moffit, age 19, Pvt. Co. K

Benjamin Nichols, age 20, Sgt. Co. A

David E. Reed (Reid), age 18, Pvt. Co. G rescued at Columbia during Hood’s retreat. David later died of disease in Mississippi

James Ridenour, age 18, Pvt. Co. A

Henry L. Robbins, age 26, 1st Cpl. Co. E

Hiram Rose, age 41, Pvt. Co. K

William W. Sears, age 19, Pvt. Co. E

William N. Scaggs (Skaggs), age 18, Pvt. Co. F

William N. Shaffer, age 20, Cpl. Co. G

Albert P. Shour (Shower), age 19, Pvt. Co. K

William J. L. Swearengen, age 22, Pvt. Co. E

Benjamin F. Taylor, age 18, Pvt. Co. A

David Toomay, age 21, Pvt. Co. H

Henry C. Wells, age 19, Pvt. Co. B

George M. Williams (McWilliams), age 23, Pvt. Co. B captured at Spring Hill not Franklin

 

WOUNDED AT FRANKLIN

 

Pleasant Baker, age 21, 2nd Cpl. Co. E

James A. Baldridge, age 18, Pvt. Co. I also captured and 2 weeks later rescued

Absalom Barrett, age 36, Pvt. Co. D

Robert Charles Bradshaw, age 23, Field & Staff  Col. wounded eight times

Benjamin Branch, age 44, Pvt. Co. B

James Brassfield, age 19, Pvt. Co. E

William Breeze, age 39, Pvt. Co. C was also wounded again at Nashville

Martin C. Bridewell, age 25, Pvt. Co. I

Thomas Jackson Butts, age 19, Pvt. Co. C

James Carpenter, age 16, Pvt. Co. G

Jacob Cox, age 27, Pvt. Co. H

William T. Crowley, age 19, Pvt. Co. B

John DeSha, age 25, 1st Lt. Co. G

Jacob Fitzpatrick, age 24, Pvt. Co. D

Lorenzo Gannon, age 26, Pvt. Co. D

Gideon B. Gillihan, age 41, Cpl. Co. D

John Glendening (Glending), age 19, Pvt. Co. F

Henry Harris, age 23, Pvt. Co. E

John Hays, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

Samuel Hooker, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

Frank Granger Hopkins, age 32, Capt. Co. C

Moses H. Hopper, age 18, Pvt. Co. D also captured and 2 weeks later rescued

James T. Jennings, age 16, Pvt. Co. G

John Kayser, age 23, Cpl. Co. H

John C. Knutter, age 18, Pvt. Co. B

Timoleon W. Martin, age 18, Pvt. Co. I

James McCully, age 18, Pvt. Co. E  also captured and 2 weeks later rescued

Alcana Mumpower, age 34, Cpl. Co. C

James Munson, age 40, Pvt. Co. C

Caleb Odell, age 28, Pvt. Co. B

Elijah Peterson, age 20, Pvt. Co. D

Thomas L. Richardson, age 16, Cpl. Co. I

Wiley J. Ryan, age 24, Pvt. Co. F

Henry W. Setters, age 19, Pvt. Co. E

Reuban W. Smith, age 27, Pvt. Co. H

Josiah Stewart, age 22, Pvt. Co. I

William Sumpter, age 25, Pvt. Co. E

Adam Swigart, age 25, Pvt. Co. H

George Swigart, age 21, Pvt. Co. H

John Tunnel, age 37, Pvt. Co. I

James L. D. Underwood, age 18, Pvt. Co. D

Ephraim L. Webb, age 44, Capt. Co. E

Marvin Welker, age 44, Pvt. Co. G

Source for Roll of Honor is Eric Jacobson’s book Baptism of Fire

 

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