Lieut. Col. Mervin Clark

My great-grandfather Jacob Ash was a member of the 183rd O.V.I. and his commanding officer at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee was Mervin Clark. Jacob survived his war, Mervin, a true war hero, did not.

Mervin Clark was born November 5, 1843 in Cleveland, Ohio. According to the book Itinerary of the Seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry by L. Wilson Mervin’s “mother died when he was 3 years old. When he was 9 years old his father crossed the river, (assume the Cuyahoga River) and camped on the other side leaving Mervin an Orphan. He was taken into the family of Henry W. and Emily Rowena Stanley-Clark, an uncle. Mervin was educated in the common schools of Cleveland.” Henry was born in Connecticut in 1807.

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History says the Mervin was the son of Mervin and Caroline Guptil-Clark.

According to family historians a great-grandfather, a few times over, was a pilot and mate on the “Mayflower” that sailed in 1620. He made several crossing of the Atlantic and was held captive in Havana and Madrid in 1611 and 1616. That man was named John Clark and his son. Thomas Clark, born in Middlesex, England, arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in July of 1623 aboard the “Ann.” He was a master of many trades; carpenter, yeoman and merchant. He was taxed in 1632 and in 1633 he took the oath of a Freeman. In 1643 he was listed as one able to bear arms.

It certainly appears, if that is true, Mervin Clark was born of stock that laid the first blocks that built our country, so to preserve it was born in Mervin.

Mervin Clark

At the age of 17 Mervin enlisted in the SpragueZouave Cadets who became Company B of the 7th Ohio Infantry in June, 1861, just weeks after the firing on Fort Sumter. After a three-month enlistment spent, for the most part, in training at Camp Dennison near Cincinnati he reenlisted for three years. The 7th had an honorable record of service at such places as Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, and Mission Ridge. It was ordered home to be mustered out, which was done on July 8, 1864, at Cleveland. During its term of service 1,800 men had served with the regiment, and now only 240 able-bodied men remained to bring home their colors. After his training and at the very beginning of his three years’ service Mervin was promoted to 1st Sgt. He was discharged as Captain!

Mervin Clark decided that he was not through serving his country and its cause. Shortly after returning home he volunteered again, as a private in the infantry. However, his previous service did not go unnoticed. The Governor of Ohio appointed him second in command of a new regiment being formed at Camp Dennison, the 183rd O.V.I. Lt. Col. Clark would now lead a new regiment of green, untested recruits, hastily assembled near Cincinnati, into battle in Middle Tennessee about six weeks later.

During the Battle of Franklin the 183rd was positioned to the west of the main line’s center, in reserve. However, one company was moved forward to fill a gap in the works. When the Confederate Army rushed forward to meet their enemy on the afternoon of November 30, 1864 that one company, in fear and confusion, turned and ran. As the enemy began to climb through the hole left Mervin Clark ordered his men on the reserve line forward. As they rushed ahead the color bearer fell to the ground, shot in the arm and leg. Clark gathered the colors from the ground and stood up, flag in one hand, and called out to his men to retake the works. As his men responded to his call a single bullet ripped through his head and killed him instantly. Inspired by Clark’s leadership the 183rd continue to rally and helped withstand the attack and turned the enemy back.

As the fighting subsided Lt. Col. Clark was wrapped in a blanket and buried on the battlefield. Eric Jacobson, in his book Baptism of Fire, writes that his grave was carefully marked in a manner that his body was able to be exhumed by family in the spring of 1866 (now shown to be much earlier) and taken home. Burial records in Cuyahoga County show he was first interred at Erie Street Cemetery in January 1865, and later in June of 1866 he was reinterred at Woodland Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.

Most of the Union Army troops killed at Franklin were removed from the battlefield and reinterred at Stones River National Cemetery nearby. To this day records at Stones River indicate that Mervin Clark is buried there. A couple years ago, through no real intended action on my part, I was able to connect persons at Stones River and Woodland together to make correct the National Cemetery records. It is possible that he was taken to, even buried at, Stones River and gathered there by family.

IMG_2929 (800x600)Buried near him are Henry and Emily IMG_2928 (800x600)

Near the end of the war numerous forts were built around Louisville, Kentucky to protect it from invasion. In recognition of Mervin Clark’s valor on the battlefield one of them was named for him. It was located at (now) 36th and Magnolia Streets.

As a country we have taken to recognize that in 1620 a group of people landed on our shores with a cause and purpose. Our country grew from that landed place. From those causes men like Clark, (and I do acknowledge millions more) decided that preserving what was built was a worthy thing that demanded resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance.

mervin clark news article by wm stark fag

Advertisements

Death Follows the Battles

Dedicated to Pvt. James C. Dobie, 183rd O.V.I. Co. A

James C. Dobie was born in Virginia in 1814. He was the son of James Dobie (1785-1856) and Hetta Brannin (1785 – 1847). He married Pricilla Fisher in 1843 in Union County, Ohio. They had seven children; Elisabeth, Emeline, Oliver, James, Sarah, Olive, and Oscar. James died January 22, 1865.

Dobie

The Battles of Franklin and Nashville in late November and mid-December of 1864 recorded 479 Union Army deaths; official

A personal story first; while not a welcomed event, our immediate family experienced a devastating Florida hurricane in 2004; Hurricane Charley. What that event taught, besides the power of Mother Nature, is that officially means very little. Deaths on “that” day in our family; zero. Deaths in our family that followed the storm, and that we feel were a result of it; two. Were the cause’s stress, worry, the result of losing a home, or other burdens placed upon them by that outside force? Those were not on any medical reports; but we knew, we could see the sadness in their eyes.

Four Hundred Seventy-Nine, plus how many more? Elsewhere on this web-site you’ll note that I have identified ninety-two deaths while in service; in the 183rd Ohio alone. Other than those that died on the fields of battle, how many of the rest can be directly attributed to those battlefields?

Most likely James C. Dobie first began his army service with the 81st battalion of the Ohio National Guard. In May of 1864 over 35,000 Ohio Guardsmen were federalized and organized into regiments for 100 days service. James Dodie was assigned to the 156th Ohio, Company G at Camp Dennison near Cincinnati. On May 20th seven companies proceeded to Cincinnati, where they performed guard duty. Cos. G, I and K remained at Camp Dennison on guard and patrol duty until Morgan appeared in the vicinity of Cynthiana, Ky., when they were sent to Falmouth, Ky. The seven companies remained on duty at Cincinnati until July 18th, when the entire regiment was brought together at Covington and moved to Paris, Ky. It was soon ordered to Cumberland Md., arriving on July 31st, and went into camp near that city. On Aug. 1st it had an engagement with the enemy near Falck’s Mills, with slight loss. It was mustered out on September 1, 1864.

Immediately, James volunteered for the 176th O.V.I. Most likely, before he could travel anywhere with his new regiment, he was transferred to the 183rd O.V.I which was being organized there in Columbus and in Cincinnati. He was now part of the first company formed, Co. A.

To follow James’s journey through Tennessee see the History of the 183rd on this site. From Columbus until the end of the Battle of Nashville he followed the rest of the regiment. It is shortly after Nashville that he becomes a different kind of statistic, one that is just as heroic as the official ones, and one that may have carried more suffering.

After the two battles the 183rd assisted most of the army chasing Hood’s Rebels south into Alabama. The 183rd was held at Columbia, SC and went into camp. They were back where they began their Tennessee journey. They spent Christmas in camp. Within a couple days they began to prepare for new duties in the east. They boarded ships headed for Cincinnati and then on to railcars to Washington D.C. James never boarded the railcars.

James’s family says records show he became sick after Christmas, maybe December 27th. Disease, dysentery, and infections from wounds was a fate suffered by many during the war. They were present before and after battles. He was moved to Camp Dennison’s hospital when they arrived and died of disease January 22, 1865. He was buried at the camp in Waldschmidt Cemetery.

CEM47150394_124872332631[1]

Waldschmidt Cemetery is named after Christian Waldschmidt from Lancaster, PA, a Revolutionary War Soldier, who buried there. It is one of the most historic spots in Little Miami River Valley. The entire site of the village before the Civil War comprised of 160 acres owned by Nimrod Price. It was selected by General Scott as the location of an army hospital and at the outbreak of the Civil War. There were 349 Union soldiers who died in the hospital buried there, On July 4, 1869, they were all moved to Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. James is in Sec. 21, Lot C, Grave #749 (#73 in Lot C).

Permission to use photographs; Donald Cummins

 

 

 

 

Confederate Prisoners from the Battles of Franklin & Nashville

Battle of Franklin & Nashville Confederate Prisoners

at Johnson’s Island, Ohio

The post will continue to be changed and constructed though the spring and summer of 2016.

The Battle of Franklin and the final blow at Nashville two weeks later to Hood’s Army in Tennessee are well documented here on this site and elsewhere, including two masterful books by Eric Jacobson. Eric documents how the devastation reached far into the ranks of Hood’s officer corps; including 14 Generals and 55 regimental commanders. One-Hundred and Twenty-Seven captured officers were transported and housed on Johnson’s Island. In addition to those 127 on this list, two of the CSA Generals captured at Franklin and were sent here; Gen’s Thomas Benton Smith and Edward “Alleghany” Johnson.

The captured represent Seventy-One CSA units from nine states. The consolidated 1st and 3rd Missouri Cavalry lost nine officers and the consolidated 2nd and 6th Missouri Infantry six officers; the most from any one unit. The 2nd, from Cockrell’s Brigade, ran into the 65th Indiana and the 6th Ohio Artillery at a well constructed Abatis near the center of the battle at Franklin. Roughly two-thirds of Cockrell’s Missouri Brigade became casualties that day. In general though, the losses are pretty well spread out evenly over states and units.

Opened in April 1862 Johnson’s Island Prisoner of War Depot held within its walls over 10,000 (Wikipedia states 15,000) Confederate prisoners during the war. Almost all of them were officers. It was closed at the end of the war in 1865.

The prison contained 13 block houses, 12 of them housing, one a hospital. The houses were two stories high and approximately 130 by 24 feet. There were more than 40 buildings outside the stockade used by the 128th Ohio Volunteer Infantry to guard the prison. Two major fortifications, Forts Johnson and Hill, protecting Johnson’s Island were constructed over the winter of 1864.

The 128th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was led by William S. Pierson, a former mayor of Sandusky, Ohio. Because of his cruelty to prisoners and inability to handle problems he was replaced in January 1864 by Brigadier General Harry D. Terry.  A few months later, in May 1864, Colonel Charles W. Hill took command at Johnson’s Island, remaining until the end of the war.

Prisoners could receive packages and mail. The mail and parcels were inspected and often damaged before the prisoner received them. The prisoners on Johnson’s Island, along with most of the soldiers that fought in the Civil War endured harsh winters, food and fuel shortages, disease, along with the mental anguish of uncertainty about their families and their own futures. Close to 300 prisoners died on Johnson’s Island during the war.

In 1990, Johnson’s Island was designated as a National Historic Landmark. The Confederate Cemetery, located on Johnson’s Island is currently the only publicly available part of the prison.

Source: http://

johnsonsisland.heidelberg.edu/index.html

Please visit their website for more information and comprehensive prisoner lists. Their work continues and to say the least it is impressive. Here is some of the background story.

In 2013, the Sandusky Library Archives Research Center acquired a very important document about the POWs at the Johnson’s Island Civil War Military Prison.  The document lists, by Housing Block and Company the prisoners incarcerated there in the Fall of 1864.  The Friends and Descendants of Johnson’s Island, with the assistance of Heidelberg University students, will be incorporating the information from these lists into their overall POW database.  Below, we will be sharing much of what we know about each prisoner listed on this document.  We will be updating this page as we progress, first arranging the listings by the blocks represented.  Place your mouse over the appropriate block and once we have the listing complete, a link to that database will appear.  Once all records are entered, we will also have an alphabetic arrangement of the files.  The database is google drive generated and you can search the database by using Ctrl-F or by selecting the header of each column and choosing the information you desire. Send comments to dbush@heidelberg.edu regarding anything related to the web site.  The site is maintained by Dr. David Bush, Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Center for Historic and Military Archaeology of Heidelberg University.

Here is our list of prisoners from the Battles of Franklin and Nashville, November and December 1864. If you do a http://www.findagrave.com cemetery search there are many prisoners documented. The cemetery is 61% photographed and to date none of these men are listed. It is very likely that most all survived given the conditions at the prison in 1865. Following that is a list sorted by “Block” number. In Heidelberg’s web-site is a drawing showing the locations of each block house. This summer we’ll try to document that with photos.

Alphabetical

Contents in order; Last Name, First Name and Middle or Initial, Rank, Regiment, Home Town

Aldridge William C. Captain 1st & 3rd MO Cavalry California MO
Allen William E 2nd Lt. & Adjutant 16th LA Infantry Sparta, LA
Allen John K. Major 30th MS Infantry McNutt MS
Anderson Charles H. 2nd Lieutenant 1st GA Confederate Infantry Powders Spring, GA
Anderson James A. 2nd Lieutenant 4th AR Infantry Goodness AR
Anderson Harry;Henry Y. 2nd Lieutenant 1st & 3rd MO Cavalry St. Louis MO
Anthony Jesse 3rd Lieutenant 30th GA Infantry Jonesburo, GA
Archer Benjamin Lafayette Captain 19th AL Infantry D Gadsden, Leu Islands, AL
Avery Alfred B. 1st Lieutenant 45th AL Infantry H Burzelia GA
Aydbott Arther F. Captain 48th TN Infantry H Columbia, TN
Bailey William O. 1st Lieutenant 20th AL Infantry K Tusculoosa, AL
Ballard Thomas W. 1st Lieutenant 29th GA Infantry I Thomasville GA
Barnes William 1st Lieutenant 49th TN Infantry C Springfield TN
Bean John Captain 16th AL Infantry H Mt Hope AL
Bell West 2nd Lieutenant 3rd MS Infantry A Harrisville MS
Bowen Caleb P. Captain 30th GA Infantry C Cambleton GA
Brewer George E. 1st Lieutenant 25th GA Infantry I Walthomville, GA
Brown Henry M. 1st Lieutenant 42nd TN Infantry E Bluff Springs TN
Burdim William M. 2nd Lieutenant 3rd MS Infantry B Richmond MS
Burns Alexander F. Captain 1st & 3rd MO Inf & Cav. H & N Graham, MO
Carbry James T. 1st Lieutenant 3rd MO Infantry G
Cargill Thomas H. Captain 42nd TN Infantry C Collierville, TN
Carney LeGrand V. 2nd Lieutenant 11th TN Cavalry
Cawthorn Benjamin J. F. 2nd Lieutenant 2nd Battalion GA Sharp Shooters B Thomaston GA
Coker Darling 2nd Lieutenant 8th MS Infantry H
Collier Thomas E. 1st Lieutenant 45th AL Infantry F Decatur, GA
Cooper Charles R. 2nd Lieutenant 49th TN Infantry A Clarksville, TN
Cornelius Cader R. Captain 4th LA Infantry G Clinton LA
Cowan George E. Captain 18th AL Infantry A Stevenson, Al
Cowlong Doul C. Captain 19th AR Infantry G Columbus, AR
Crittenden Robert F. Colonel 33rd AL Infantry Haw Ridge AL
Crosby William H. 2nd Lieutenant 5th Confederate Infantry G Memphis, TN
Dale John J. 1st Lieutenant 3rd MS Infantry H
Davis Christian S. 1st Lieutenant 2nd MS B
Day James B. 1st Lieutenant General Sharp’s Staff Louisville KY
Devall David Captain 4th LA Infantry B Homitage, LA
Dickson Mumford H. Captain 3rd Confederate Infantry E
Dodd William W. 2nd Lieutenant 29th TN Infantry H
Duncan James L. 1st Lieutenant 2nd MO Infantry B Louisville MO
Dunklin James H. Lieutenant Colonel 33rd AL Infantry E
Enyart Logan Captain 1st MO Cavalry B Pattensburg, MO
Evans Robert L. Captain 53rd TN Infantry Lynnville TN
Fulton Joseph E. Captain 25th GA Infantry Savannah GA
Garret(t) Geo. Wahington B. Major 23rd MS Infantry Jonesborough MS
Ger Tho. W. 1st Lieutenant 1st, 3rd MS Cavalry B Pattensburg, MS
Glenn Adolphus B. 1st Lieutenant 32nd MS, 22nd MS Infantry I Greenville, MS
Gordon George Washington Brig. Gen. Vaughn’s Brigade Waverly, TN
Graham Samuel J. 2nd Lieutenant 22nd MS Infantry H Greenville, MS
Graham Thomas H. 2nd Lieutenant 14th MS Infantry B Enterprise, MS
Henry Hugh William Captain 22nd AL Infantry K Montgomery, AL
Howard Daniel,David Capt. 42nd TN. Infantry I Memphis TN
Inglis John Livingston Capt. 3rd FL Infantry D Madison FL
Johnson Jerry Martin 2nd Lieut. 10 TX Infantry C Loudon City TX
Johnson Robert T. Capt. 29th GA Infantry L Jefferson GA
Kennedy James M. 2nd Lieut. 8th MS Infantry G Tristwood MS
King Richard C. 1st Lieut. 1st Batt GA SS D Waresboro GA
Kinow, Kinnow Charles E. Capt. 14th LA Infantry J Tangipaha, LA
Knight Levi J. 2nd Lieut. 29th GA Infantry G Milltown GA
Kointy/Koonte Doctor F. Capt. 2nd MO&6th MO Infantry K New Franklin MO
Leonardey Philip 2nd Lieut. 3rd FL Infantry B Savannah GA
Maybee Milton J. Capt. 1st GA Infantry Powder Springs GA
McAdve; McAdoo Hugh M. Capt. 4th TN Infantry B Waverly TN
McBeth John C. 1st Lieut. 5th MS Infantry K High Hill MS
McCarthy Charles E. 1st Lieut. 30th LA. Infantry A New Orleans LA
McCleskey Louis A. 2nd Lieut. 5th AR Infantry E Chalk Bluff AR
McDavid Robert J. 1st Lieut. 7th TX Infantry I Bellvue TX
McDonald Elbert M. 2nd Lieut. 20th AL Infantry C Elyton AL
McGavehy/McGevney Michael Colonel 154th TN Infantry Memphis, TN
McKinnon John L. 2nd Lieut. 1st FL Infantry D Uchllanna, FL
McKinnon Neil J. 1st Lieut. 1st FL Infantry D Knoxhill, FL
McMillan Angus Capt 6th FL K Orange Hill, FL
Melton Daniel William 1st Lieut. 7th AR Infantry B Grand Glaize, AR
Middlebrooks Thomas J. 2nd Lieut. 37th GA Infantry C Cornicopia, GA
Miles William 2nd Lieut. 12th LA Infantry Winryfield, LA
Mitchell William D. Colonel 29th GA Infantry Thomasville GA
Murphey Virgil Col. 17th AL. Infantry Montgomery AL
Parson John D. Capt. 2th Mo. Infantry C Savannah GA
Patterson Thomas Capt. 25th Texas InfantryE Madisonville TX
Pennington William F. Lt. Col. 4th LA Infantry Lake Providence, LA
Perry Edward C. 1st Lieut. 17th Texas Cavalry K Jonesville, TX
Picelot Arthur Major 30th LA Infantry New Orleans, LA
Porter Thomas M.J. 2nd Lieut. 17th AL Infantry B Georgiana, AL
Powell James T. L. 2nd Lieut. 25th GA Infantry C Morgan GA
Pullen Edward J. Major 4th LA Infantry Clinton LA
Robinson James Henry 1st Lieut. 15th TN Infantry K Yorksville, TN
Sanders William H. 2nd Lieut. 12th LA Infantry M Woodville, LA
Schlatter Charles H. 2nd Lieut. 1 Bat GA S.S. Wausburo GA
Sharp John T. 1st Lieut. 5th MS Infantry F Noxapater, MS
Sherrod Frederic O. Capt. 16th AL Infantry B Florence AL
Simms, Simmons James E. Capt. 33rd MS Infantry A High Hill MS
Singleterry Thomas H. 2nd Lieut. 7th TX Infantry E Alto TX
Smith William M. 2nd Lieut. 1st & 3rd MO Infantry E Savanah MO
Smith Benjamin S.G. 1st Lt. and Engr. 6th FL Infantry C Quincy FL
Stamper Martin W. 2nd Lieut. 8th MS Infantry D Union MS
Stephens Joseph F. 2nd Lieut. 18th AL Infantry H Troy, AL
Stephens William Anderson Lieut. 46th AL 40th AL Infantry K Louina, AL
Stoker Richard J. 2nd Lieut. 30 MS Infantry C Lodi MS
Stuart/Stewart Thaddius/Thomas 1st Lieut. 2nd MO Infantry Sturgeon, MO
Talley Charles E. Capt. 7th TX D Marshall TX
Taylor William A. Major 24th TX Cavalry Waco TX
Thompson George W. 1st Lieut. 52nd TN. or 2nd TN Infantry Calladonin, TN
Thompson John B. 1st Lieut. 42nd TN Infantry C Morning Sun TN
Thompson, Thomason William W. Captain 24th MO A McLeads, MS
Truchart David Major Matthatts(?) Div C Artillery Richmond VA
Turner Benjamin M. Capt. 4th GA S.S. C Barnesville, GA
Usher John 1st Lieut. 22nd MO Infantry G Black Hawk MS
Voohies William M. Col. 48 TN Cav Cavalry Columbia TN
Waldrop William C. 1st Lieut. 41st MS Infantry New Albany, MS
Walker Francis M. 1st Lieut, Capt 16th AL D Evergreen AL
Watts Samuel B. Capt. 10th MS Infantry H Brandon MS
Weathers Benjamin F. 1st Lieut. 17th AL Infantry E Roanole, AL
Wells John S. Capt. 2nd MO Infantry B Louisville MO
Wier Dabney S. 2nd Lieut. 14th MS Infantry B
Wiggins Thomas P. Capt. 46th MS Infantry F Alamatsha, MS
Wilkerson Harris Capt. 3rd;1st MO Infantry F Columbia MO
William A. 1st Lieut. 18th AL Infantry F Garland AL
Wright Thomas P. 2nd Lieut. 7th AR Infantry H
Yaretzky Julius 2nd Lieut. 33rd AL. Infantry A Ella, AL
Yeatman William E. Capt. 2 TN Infantry C Nashville TN

By Blockhouse (name, unit, house#)

Murphey Virgil 17th AL. 2
Pennington William F. 4th LA 3
Enyart Logan 1st MO 3
Johnson Jerry Martin 10 TX 3
Picelot Arthur 30th LA 4
Burns Alexander F. 1st & 3rd MO 4
Garret(t) George Wahington B. 23rd MS 4
Waldrop William C. 41st MS 4
McGavehy; McGevney Michael 154th TN 4
Thompson George W. 52nd TN. or 2nd TN 4
Truchart David Matthatts(?) Div C 4
Stephens Joseph F. 18th AL 5
William A. 18th AL 5
Archer Benjamin Lafayette 19th AL 5
Bailey William O. 20th AL 5
Anderson James A. 4th AR 5
Anderson Charles H. 1st GA Confederate 5
Maybee Milton J. 1st GA 5
Brewer George E. 25th GA 5
Fulton Joseph E. 25th GA 5
Anthony Jesse 30th GA 5
Turner Benjamin M. 4th GA S.S. 5
Allen William E 16th LA 5
Yeatman William E. 2 TN 5
Howard Daniel,David 42nd TN. 5
Aydbott Arther F. 48th TN 5
Evans Robert L. 53rd TN 5
Porter Thomas M.J. 17th AL 8
Ger Tho. W. 1st, 3rd MS 8
Glenn Adolphus B. 32nd MS, 22nd MS 8
Graham Samuel J. 22nd MS 8
Gordon George Washington Vaughn’s Brigade 8
Powell James T. L. 25th GA 9
Ballard Thomas W. 29th GA 9
Johnson Robert T. 29th GA 9
Knight Levi J. 29th GA 9
Henry Hugh William 22nd AL 10
Cowlong Doul C. 19th AR 10
Cawthorn Benjamin J. F. 2nd Battalion GA 10
Bowen Caleb P. 30th GA 10
Graham Thomas H. 14th MS 10
Wier Dabney S. 14th MS 10
Wiggins Thomas P. 46th MS 10
Bean John 16th AL 11
Weathers Benjamin F. 17th AL 11
Cowan George E. 18th AL 11
Crittenden Robert F. 33rd AL 11
Avery Alfred B. 45th AL 11
Collier Thomas E. 45th AL 11
Crosby William H. 5th Confederate 11
Inglis John Livingston 3rd FL 11
Leonardey Philip 3rd FL 11
King Richard C. 1st Batt GA SS 11
Schlatter Charles H. 1 Bat GA S.S. 11
Kinow, Kinnow Charles E. 14th LA 11
McCarthy Charles E. 30th LA. 11
Cornelius Cader R. 4th LA 11
Devall David 4th LA 11
Pullen Edward J. 4th LA 11
Enyart Logan 1st MO 11
Aldridge William C. 1st & 3rd MO 11
Anderson Harry;Henry Y. 1st & 3rd MO 11
Smith William M. 1st & 3rd MO 11
Burns Alexander F. 1st & 3rd MO 11
Parson John D. 2nd MO. 11
Thompson, Thomason William W. 24th MO 11
Watts Samuel B. 10th MS 11
Allen John K. 30th MS 11
Bell West 3rd MS 11
Burdim William M. 3rd MS 11
Stoker Richard J. 30 MS 11
Simms, Simmons James E. 33rd MS 11
Sharp John T. 5th MS 11
Stamper Martin W. 8th MS 11
Robinson James Henry 15th TN 11
Brown Henry M. 42nd TN 11
Cargill Thomas H. 42nd TN 11
Thompson John B. 42nd TN 11
Barnes William 49th TN 11
Cooper Charles R. 49th TN 11
Perry Edward C. 17th Texas 11
Taylor William A. 24th TX 11
Patterson Thomas 25th Texas 11
Singleterry Thomas H. 7th TX 11
Talley Charles E. 7th TX 11
Day James B. General Sharp’s 12
Sherrod Frederic O. 16th AL 12
Walker Francis M. 16th AL 12
McDonald Elbert M. 20th AL 12
Dunklin James H. 33rd AL 12
Yaretzky Julius 33rd AL. 12
Stephens William Anderson 46th AL 40th AL 12
McCleskey Louis A. 5th AR 12
Wright Thomas P. 7th AR 12
Dickson Mumford H. 3rd Confederate 12
McMillan Angus 6th FL 12
Smith Benjamin S.G. 6th FL 12
Mitchell William D. 29th GA 12
Middlebrooks Thomas J. 37th GA 12
Wilkerson Harris 1st & 3rd MO 12
Duncan James L. 2nd MO 12
Stuart/Stewart Thaddius/Thomas W. 2nd MO 12
Wells John S. 2nd MO 12
Usher John 22nd MO 12
Carbry James T. 3rd MO 12
Davis Christian S. 2nd MS; Valentine’s Regt. 12
Dale John J. 3rd MS 12
Coker Darling 8th MS 12
Carney LeGrand V. 11th TN Cavalry 12
Dodd William W. 29th TN 12
McAdve; McAdoo Hugh M. 4th TN 12
Voohies William M. 48 TN Cav 12
Cooper Charles R. 49th TN 12
Melton Daniel William 7th AR 13
McKinnon John L. 1st FL 13
McKinnon Neil J. 1st FL 13
King Richard C. 1st Batt GA SS 13
Schlatter Charles L. 1 Bat GA S.S. 13
Miles William 12th LA 13
Sanders William H. 12th LA 13
Wells John S. 2nd MO 13
Kointy/Koonte Doctor F. 2nd MO&6th MO 13
McBeth John C. 5th MS 13
Kennedy James M. 8th MS 13
McDavid Robert J. 7th TX 13

What Were You Doing at Fifteen?

Where were you and what were you doing at age fifteen? Personally? Let’s see; I was in the 9th grade, Rock & Roll was in its infancy, even in its place of birth, Cleveland Ohio. Baseball was my game and my music tastes, which would soon change, was Glenn Miller music. Parental influences were pushing against the teen in me. They weighed heavy and kept me safe despite myself.

William Wesley Gist, born in 1849, volunteered for service with the Union Army in 1864. Fifteen. What were you doing at fifteen?

William was born on February 28th in Starr, Hocking County, Ohio. Bears, and other like wildlife, probably outnumbered humans in this county southeast of Columbus, Ohio. In 1864 his older brothers Nathan and Cornelius were serving in the army and it can be assumed William wanted to join them; be part of the excitement. In March of that year he lied. Said he was eighteen and joined the 26th Ohio Volunteer Regiment. He was assigned to Company D and served until the regiment mustered out in August, 1865.

What were you doing at fifteen?

Young William was quickly introduced to battle, serving with Sherman’s Army from May to September during the Atlanta Campaign. Brother Cornelius was in Louisiana with the 114th O.V.I., but I wonder if William was, at the time, aware that brother Nathan was also in Georgia and Atlanta with the 31st O.V.I.? Both regiments participated in numerous major battles before Hood’s Confederate Army left Atlanta behind and Sherman began his march east.

The 26th had been formed during the early summer months of 1861. During the summer of 1864, while in Georgia, the three-year enlistments of the original volunteers ended. They were mustered out and headed back to their Ohio homes. What remained after Atlanta, about 120 men, (have also read about 200) was assigned to Lane’s Brigade, Wagner’s 4th Corps Division. The Corps was part of an army charged with defending Nashville from Hood’s Army. Hood, indeed, had plans.

Soon, this now small regiment would be tested again at Franklin, Tennessee.

During the preparations that preceded the Battle of Franklin, General Wagner made a huge error and with it put two divisions in harm’s way, isolated in open fields against Hood’s 20,000 man army. When the Confederate Army advanced on Franklin, the men of the 4th Corps out in those fields ran for their lives. The finish line in their run was the Union Army’s main works and the only path to those works was Columbia Pike. As William and the 26th Ohio crossed the finish line and passed beyond the works the rebels were only 50 yards behind. Within seconds they breached the main works at the pike and were in battle with an advancing Union Regiment, the 44th Missouri. One of the heroic regiments on that November afternoon, the 44th found new company. A fifteen year old and his brothers of the 26th had melted into their company and were also in combat with the enemy. In that situation it was only the color blue that mattered. David Bragg and John Worley were captured, and Joseph Kern went missing in the melee. William would later write:

“I jumped over the works just east of the locust grove near … the Carter house. Finding the works practically empty, we stopped, and as soon as our men seemed to be in we began to fire as rapidly as possible. The batteries on both sides began to fire with great rapidity into the advancing ranks. Soon a cloud of smoke hung over us and nothing was distinct in front. …

 “Some of the Confederates were on the opposite side of the works from us. When a lull would occur, some of these would offer to surrender. We would cry out, ‘Drop your guns and climb over.’ This they did, and this was repeated a number of times. Some of them crossed the works so close to me that I could have touched them with my hand.

“In the part of the line where I stood were men of many commands…….

Well, that is the short story of a longer one about a fifteen year old Ohioan in Tennessee in the year 1864. Later William Gist would contribute many newspaper accounts, magazine articles, and a book about the actions of the 26th Ohio at Franklin. Visit http://www.ohiocivilwar.com  and in the reference list of the written word about the regiment there are many listed. I found that if I google the title portion of those articles many of them are available online. Also visit http://26thohioinfantry.com  a website dedicated to the regiment.

Gist William Wesley Gist (photo from Chris Burson and find-a-grave)

In 1876 William Wesley Gist married Lillian Jeanette Hurlburt of Ashtabula, Ohio. He was a teacher and school superintendent in Willoughby, Ohio; a professor of English literature at Coe College , Cedar Rapids, Iowa; a pastor of the Congregational church of Marion, Iowa and then of the Congregational church of Osage, Iowa; a member of the faculty of Iowa State Teachers College at Cedar Falls, teaching English literature, rhetoric, and Bible. He was elected Commander of the Department State of Iowa, G.A.R. at Fort Dodge on June 6, 1923, dying two days later at his home in Cedar Falls.

William and Lillian had eleven children and they and four of their children are buried at Oak Shade Cemetery, Marion, Iowa. For more details, particularly about Lillian, see www.findagrave.com

Missouri in the Civil War – the 44th Missouri Infantry

Missouri in the Civil War

44th Missouri Infantry

Brothers in Battle

History and Roll of Honor

The men of the 44th Missouri were brothers in battle with the 175th and 183rd Ohio in middle Tennessee during November and December of 1864. The three regiments have been forever linked in history by Eric Jacobson and Richard Rupp in their book Baptism of Fire. Prior to the extensive research undertaken by these historians the history of The Battle of Franklin, what led to it, and what followed, was written differently. “Forgotten” is the appropriate word for the three regiments – history is now rewritten and credit where due has been given. Eric said it, and I’ll paraphrase; the men of these three regiments deserved a better fate.

Prior to Eric and Richard’s work, history, at least that of Franklin, was told by self-absorbed commanders, or commanders who were far from the actual events. Often the real details were hidden in the smoke and the mass of humanity involved in battle. Our brothers have found their places in history. The following presentation is just a small part of the history of the 44th. A few web-sites, listed below, are recommended by the people at the NEW Missouri Civil War Museum. Please visit the separate post on this site for information regarding the museum.

http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/soldiers/results.asp?txtName=&selConflict=Civil%20War&txtUnit=44&rbBranch

http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-regiments-detail.htm

http://www.civilwardata.com

History and Service:

  • The 44th Infantry Regiment was organized at St. Joseph, Missouri between August 22 and September 7, 1864.
    • Attached to District of Rolla, Dept. of Missouri to November, 1864. Moved to Rolla, Mo., September 14-18, 1864, and duty there till November 5. Expedition from Rolla to Licking November 5-9. Near Licking November 9. Moved to Paducah, Ky., November 12-16
    • Attached Dept. of Ohio, November, 1864. Unattached, 23rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to December, 1864. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., November 24-27, and to Columbia, Tenn., November 28. Spring Hill November 29. Battle of Franklin November 30.

As November 1864 neared its end troops were urgently needed in middle Tennessee. The 44th moved to Paducah and then Nashville where they immediately boarded rail cars headed to Columbia, TN. In the cars, already loaded, were the men of the 183rd Ohio. If one reads the History of the 183rd beginning in Nashville to their arrival at Franklin, you have read the travels of the 44th, mostly marching north (right through the Confederate Army) with a small interference at Spring Hill. At Franklin the 44th was held in reserve just to the west of Columbia Pike. The 183rd was further west and the 175th Ohio was just across the pike to the east, also in reserve. When the Confederate Army attacked the Union lines they were able to breach the area at the pike and as they did Union troops up front were forced back. The whole mass crashed right into the 44th Missouri. Simply stated, had the 44th faltered the Battle of Franklin may have been lost. Instead they stood their ground and fought with great courage until reinforcements came forward and until the retreating main line troops were able to gather themselves and rejoin the fight.

  • Attached 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to February, 1865. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to Columbia and Pulaski December 17-28. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., December 29-January 2, 1865, thence to Eastport, Miss., January 9-11, and duty there till February 6, 1865.

The actual battle at Franklin lasted a little over five (5) hours. At about 9:00 p.m. most of the fighting ended and at midnight the Union Army moved across the Harpeth River, north to Nashville. There the 44th was told to report to Commander A.J. Smith. The Army was reorganized with two old divisions now under Smith’s command. The Battle of Nashville began on December 15. The men were first held in reserve and then moved forward to the main body and joined the attacked Hood’s Army, driving them back about one mile. They did not suffer any losses. On Dec. 16 they were held in reserve as the Union Army continued their attack and forced Hood into full retreat. Hood’s army was defeated.

The 44th joined in pursuit of Hood to Pulaski. In their pursuit they passed through Franklin and there they recovered men who had been wounded and left behind, including Thomas Richardson, Henry Harris, and Ben Branch. By the time they reached Pulaski the majority of the men were barefooted, wrapping their feet to keep theem warm on the cold winter ground.

  • Attached 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps (New), Military Division West Mississippi, to August, 1865. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to New Orleans, La., February 6-21. Campaign against Mobile, Ala., and its defenses March 11-April 12. Expedition from Dauphin Island to Fowl River Narrows March 18-22. Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Assault and capture of Fort Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery April 13-25, thence to Tuskegee, and duty there till July 19. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss., thence to St. Louis, Mo., July 19-August 4. Mustered out August 15, 1865.
  • Mustered out August 15, 1865.

Official records found in most historical accounts will list; “Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 61 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 168 Enlisted men by disease; total 238.”

The regiment’s five hours at The Battle of Franklin, Tennessee accounted for 67 dead, 39 captured (survivors), and 43 wounded; total 149. This accounts for sixty-percent of the regiment’s casualties. Given my focus on Tennessee I will not pursue further the Roll of Honor. I will hope that others will do so someday. I suspect that they might find that many of that “168 by disease” will have taken place in the deep-south as their winter turned into summer.

It has been an honor to help Eric Jacobson and Richard Rupp keep the memory of the men of the 44th Missouri alive.

Bob Werner – 2013 

 

ROLL OF HONOR (Tennessee Only)

Men Killed in Action or Mortally Wounded at Franklin or Died in Prison*

 

William T. Allen, age 18, Pvt. Co. C

Pleasant M. Bales, age 56, Pvt. Co. F captured – appears Pleasant lied about his age

James S. Barnes, age 34, Cpl. Co. G

Solomon Bartlett, age 37, Pvt. Co. E captured

George Beane, age 27, 1st Sgt. Co. C

Benjamin F. Bondurant, age 21, Pvt. Co. I

Charles W. Bowen, age 22, Pvt. Co. F

George A. Cannon, age 18, Pvt. Co. E

James Carroll, age 27, Pvt. Co. C buried at Stones River National Cemetery

Horatio Cast (Cass), age 18, Pvt. Co. D captured

 

Andrew J. Caster, age 36, Pvt. Co. E

Jerome Chadd, age 21, Pvt. Co. G captured

Lewis Constable, age 19, Pvt. Co. D

Harvey Crawford, age 23, Pvt. Co. E captured

Samuel Chrisman Sr., age 27, Pvt. Co. K

John Dean, age 21, Pvt. Co. A

Ezra Dunbar, age 42, Pvt. Co. B captured

James T. Dunlap, age 47, 1st Lt. Co. E

Daniel Dunn, age 40, Pvt. Co. G captured, buried as an unknown at Nashville City Cemetery

Thomas J. Dykes, age 18, Pvt. Co. D

Amos A. Dunton, age 18, Pvt. Co. K

Charles W. Eaton, age 18, Cpl. Co. I

Levi Eaton, age 36, Pvt. Co. I buried at Nashville National Cemetery

James Fitzpatrick, age unknown, Pvt. Co. D died of sickness

James B. Fugett, age 18, Pvt. Co. C captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

Alburtus Gallimore, age 32, Cpl. Co. I

Hudson Goben, age 23, 1st Sgt. Co. A

Furney Hall, age 18, Pvt. Co. B captured

John F. Hall, age 18, Pvt. Co. I died from disease

Moses Hicks, age 43, Pvt. Co. B died of sickness – buried at Nashville National Cemetery

James H. Hubbard, age 18, Pvt. Co. I died of disease

Ariel W. Jones, age 21, Pvt. Co. E

Benjamin E. Kirgan, age 44, 2nd Lt. Co. F

Luther K. Lowell, age 32, Cpl. Co. D

Mathias Lynch, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

John Marshall, age 33, Pvt. Co. E

Thomas Marshall, age 25, Pvt. Co. F

John Martin, age 18, Pvt. Co. H captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

James McKissack, age 23, Cpl. Co. B

Caswell Mears, age 38, Pvt. Co. A captured

Benton K. Morelock, age 18, Pvt. Co. E

John Murry, age 18, Cpl. Co. C

Alonzo Newcomb, age 21, Pvt. Co. K

Elisha Odell, age 18, Pvt. Co. B captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

Simon Odell Sr., age 42, Cpl. Co. B

Austin S. Perryman, age21, Cpl. Co. D

Henry S. Phillips, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

James E. Phipps, age 18, Pvt. Co. K

John R. Purcell, age 19, Pvt. Co. G captured, buried at Andersonville

Elbert Routt, age 42, Pvt. Co. C captured

Reuben G. Shackelford, age 22, Pvt. Co. I

Andrew Smiley, age 25, Pvt. Co. I

Asa Smith, age 44, Pvt. Co. F wounded and died of disease

James M. Steele, age 32, 1st Lt. Co. F wounded and died of disease

Romulus Sullinger, age 28, Pvt. Co. B captured – buried at Jefferson Barracks

Josiah Swisher, age 34, Pvt. Co. H buried at Stones River National Cemetery

William R. Tarwater, age 40, Pvt. Co. B captured – buried at Andersonville National Cemetery

Volney Thurman, age 21, Pvt. Co. F wounded and died of disease

Samuel J. Warren, age 33, 2nd  Lt. Co. K

Henry C. Wells, age 19, Pvt. Co. B

Alexander J. Whitmore (Whitmer), age 23, Pvt. Co. C

William B. Williams, age 24, Pvt. Co. B

Hartwell G. Wilson, age 18, Pvt. Co. G

Jesse Wilson, age 29, Pvt. Co. B

James C. Wood, Pvt. Co. A captured – buried at Nashville National Cemetery

Samuel L. Woods, age 35, Pvt. Co. K

Cpl. John Ziefle, age 23, Co. G

*if captured most died in prisons, a small few in hospitals after release or exchange, and even a         very small few of those died in transit on their way home

 

CAPTURED AT FRANKLIN  (that survied)

 

Hiram H. Bennett, age 17, Pvt. Co. C

Robert P. Bennett, age 30, Pvt. Co. A

John Blair, age 33, Pvt. Co. C captured at Spring Hill not Franklin

Samuel V. Bradford, age 19, Pvt. Co. F

William M. Brown, age 42, Pvt. Co. C

Lucius Butler, age 18, Pvt. Co. D

Benjamin D. Carpenter, age 20, Pvt. Co. B

Thomas Clark, age 21, Pvt. Co. H

Aaron Clevenger, age 44, Pvt. Co. B

Isaac Clevenger, age 18, Pvt. Co. B

Andrew M. Colton, age 17, Pvt. Co. G

Daniel J. Crump, age 22, Pvt. Co. K

Owen M. Daniel, age 24, Pvt. Co. G rescued at Columbia during Hood’s retreat

Henry C. Dennison, age 20, Cpl. Co. H

Adam Givens Duffield, age 16, Pvt. Co. K

Benjamin A. Dunbar, age 18, Pvt. Co. G

Houston A. Evens, age 22, Pvt. Co. B

David Green, age 19, Pvt. Co. F

Henry John Heislinger, age 20, Pvt. Co. F

Riley Hopper, age 39, Pvt. Co. K

Thomas Ireland, age 42, Sgt. Co. C

Hiram Jackson, age 25, Pvt. Co. K

Francis M. Jones, age 18, Pvt. Co. F

Henry Kellner (Killner), age 36, Pvt. Co. F

Ambrozine Moffit, age 19, Pvt. Co. K

Benjamin Nichols, age 20, Sgt. Co. A

David E. Reed (Reid), age 18, Pvt. Co. G rescued at Columbia during Hood’s retreat. David later died of disease in Mississippi

James Ridenour, age 18, Pvt. Co. A

Henry L. Robbins, age 26, 1st Cpl. Co. E

Hiram Rose, age 41, Pvt. Co. K

William W. Sears, age 19, Pvt. Co. E

William N. Scaggs (Skaggs), age 18, Pvt. Co. F

William N. Shaffer, age 20, Cpl. Co. G

Albert P. Shour (Shower), age 19, Pvt. Co. K

William J. L. Swearengen, age 22, Pvt. Co. E

Benjamin F. Taylor, age 18, Pvt. Co. A

David Toomay, age 21, Pvt. Co. H

Henry C. Wells, age 19, Pvt. Co. B

George M. Williams (McWilliams), age 23, Pvt. Co. B captured at Spring Hill not Franklin

 

WOUNDED AT FRANKLIN

 

Pleasant Baker, age 21, 2nd Cpl. Co. E

James A. Baldridge, age 18, Pvt. Co. I also captured and 2 weeks later rescued

Absalom Barrett, age 36, Pvt. Co. D

Robert Charles Bradshaw, age 23, Field & Staff  Col. wounded eight times

Benjamin Branch, age 44, Pvt. Co. B

James Brassfield, age 19, Pvt. Co. E

William Breeze, age 39, Pvt. Co. C was also wounded again at Nashville

Martin C. Bridewell, age 25, Pvt. Co. I

Thomas Jackson Butts, age 19, Pvt. Co. C

James Carpenter, age 16, Pvt. Co. G

Jacob Cox, age 27, Pvt. Co. H

William T. Crowley, age 19, Pvt. Co. B

John DeSha, age 25, 1st Lt. Co. G

Jacob Fitzpatrick, age 24, Pvt. Co. D

Lorenzo Gannon, age 26, Pvt. Co. D

Gideon B. Gillihan, age 41, Cpl. Co. D

John Glendening (Glending), age 19, Pvt. Co. F

Henry Harris, age 23, Pvt. Co. E

John Hays, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

Samuel Hooker, age 18, Pvt. Co. H

Frank Granger Hopkins, age 32, Capt. Co. C

Moses H. Hopper, age 18, Pvt. Co. D also captured and 2 weeks later rescued

James T. Jennings, age 16, Pvt. Co. G

John Kayser, age 23, Cpl. Co. H

John C. Knutter, age 18, Pvt. Co. B

Timoleon W. Martin, age 18, Pvt. Co. I

James McCully, age 18, Pvt. Co. E  also captured and 2 weeks later rescued

Alcana Mumpower, age 34, Cpl. Co. C

James Munson, age 40, Pvt. Co. C

Caleb Odell, age 28, Pvt. Co. B

Elijah Peterson, age 20, Pvt. Co. D

Thomas L. Richardson, age 16, Cpl. Co. I

Wiley J. Ryan, age 24, Pvt. Co. F

Henry W. Setters, age 19, Pvt. Co. E

Reuban W. Smith, age 27, Pvt. Co. H

Josiah Stewart, age 22, Pvt. Co. I

William Sumpter, age 25, Pvt. Co. E

Adam Swigart, age 25, Pvt. Co. H

George Swigart, age 21, Pvt. Co. H

John Tunnel, age 37, Pvt. Co. I

James L. D. Underwood, age 18, Pvt. Co. D

Ephraim L. Webb, age 44, Capt. Co. E

Marvin Welker, age 44, Pvt. Co. G

Source for Roll of Honor is Eric Jacobson’s book Baptism of Fire

 

Battle Of Franklin Overview and (Ohio) Order of Battle

Battle of Franklin Overview and

Ohio’s Regimental Organization

November 30, 1864

Major General John McAllister Schofield, Commanding

The Order of Battle at Franklin comprised the 4th Army Corps commanded by Brig. Gen. David Stanley, the 23rd Army Corps commanded by Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield (on Nov. 30,1864 by Jacob J. Cox). Ohio’s regiments are charted here with a very brief description of their involvement that day.

As discussed elsewhere on these pages the Battle of Franklin was a significant event in our history. Not to take away from the battles elsewhere and the casualties they caused, of all the events that took place in November and December of 1864 in middle-Tennessee it was by far the most important. Earlier conflicts were minor by comparison and the Battle of Nashville in mid-December was far less the event that it would have been if Hood’s Army had not been so severely defeated at Franklin. The organizational charts at other events would only be slightly different so I’ve focused here on Franklin.

Looking at a map of the battlefield at Franklin you would see a mile-wide Union front extending from Carter’s Creek Pike to the west and the Harpeth River to the east. Coming directly up the center is Columbia Pike. Artillery was posted on top of a large hill a couple miles to the north at Fort Granger. and at various place along the front and to the rear.

A simplistic summary of events might say that for the most part action to the east of the center was a bloody massacre of Confederate troops caught in the trees and Union works and who therefore would be unable to cause great damage upon their enemy. To the far west, where the 45th and 51st Ohio regiments were assigned, the Union controlled late arriving Confederate troops. However, along that western front, toward the center, a break-through occurred where Moore’s Second Brigade was assigned, promoting heavy fighting, some hand to hand, with heavy casualties on both sides. Ohio’s 111th , 118th , and two companies from the 183rd  were assigned in this area. It was also at this location that the rest of the 183rd Ohio came forward from their reserve position and assisted the units there to retake the lines.

Two companies of the 101st Ohio were also assigned to the main works near Moore. The other eight were in reserve and on orders came forward into the fight there. As far as I can ascertain the 90th Ohio remained in reserve.

The summary would go on to say that overall the worst fighting took place at the center. Artillery and Union troops at the main line’s works were unable to fire upon the charging Confederate Army because their own, Wagner’s second and third brigades, were retreating from the fields in front directly into their line of fire. As Wagner’s men crossed the line, so did the enemy. The most ferocious fighting of the battle was in this area. Troops in reserve from Kentucky, Missouri, and Ohio’s 175th, were able to come forward and help the 50th Ohio, 100th Ohio, 104th Ohio and others retake their collapsed line. Coming forward into the fray with the reserve units was Opdyke’s Brigade with the 125th Ohio. They had been resting beyond the reserve line and were brought forward by their commander when retreating Union troops passed by them thus alerting them to the bad situation at hand.

The following regiments were among Wagner’s retreating troops and certainly after reaching the safety of their line joined in the melee at the center; 26th, 64th, 65th and 97th Ohio. The 13th and 19th Ohio were sent north to the crossing of the Harpeth River to guard against and enemy crossing at the ford.

My battle sources make no reference to the 41st, 49th, 71st, and 124th Ohio, so I must assume they were held in reserve and assigned duties somewhere nearby. For instance, the 15th Ohio was held in reserve at Fort Granger and after the battle moved down to the Harpeth River to cover the Army’s withdrawal.

 The 93rd Ohio and the 103rd Ohio had been ordered to the rear to serve as guard for the 23rd Army Corps headquarters train and to assist with the ordinance trains.

The 23rd Army Artillery units were in the following areas; Two guns of the 1st Battery A were in the rear on Columbia Pike. The 1st Battery D was at Fort Granger. 1st Battery G was on the far left near the Harpeth River. The 6th Battery Ohio Light was split; on the main works east of center and on the far left near the river. The 20th Battery was just to the west of center with two guns of the 1st Battery A at the break-through and they were instrumental in the recovery of the lines there.

Twenty-Third Army Corps

Brigadier General JACOB D. COX

SECOND DIVISION

Brigadier General THOMAS H. RUGER

Second Brigade

Col. ORLANDO H. MOORE.

111th Ohio, Lieut. Col. Isaac R. Sherwood

118th Ohio, Maj. Edgar Sowers

Third Brigade

Col. SILAS A. STRICKLAND

50th Ohio, Lieut. Col. Hamilton S. Gillespie

183d Ohio, Col. George W. Hoge

THIRD DIVISION

Brig. Gen. JACOB D. COX

Brig. Gen. James William Reilly (on Nov. 30, 1864) 

First Brigade

Brig. Gen. JAMES WILLIAM REILLY

100th Ohio, Lt. Col. Edwin L. Hayes

104th Ohio, Col. Oscar W. Sterl

175th Ohio, Lieut. Col. Daniel McCoy

Second Brigade.

Col. JOHN S. CASEMENT

103rd Ohio, Capt. Henry S. Pickands

Artillery

Ohio Light, 6th Battery

Ohio Light, 20th Battery

Ohio Light, 1st Battery A

Ohio Light, 1st Battery D

Ohio Light, 1st Battery G

Fourth Army Corps

Major General DAVID S. STANLEY

FIRST DIVISION

Brigadier Gen. NATHAN KIMBALL

First Brigade

Col. ISSAC M. KIRBY

90th Ohio Lt. Col. Isaac Kirby

101st Ohio Lt. Col. Bedan McDonald

Second Brigade

40th Ohio (6 companies) Lt. Col. JAMES WATSON

45th Ohio   Lt. Col. John Humphrey

51st Ohio Lt. Col. Charles Watson

SECOND DIVISION

Brigadier General GEORGE DAY WAGNER

First Brigade

Col. EMERSON OPDYKE

125th Ohio Cpt. Edward Bates

Second Brigade

Col. JOHN LANE

26th Ohio Cpt. William Clark

97th Ohio Lt. Col. Milton Barnes

Third Brigade

Col. JOSEPH CONRAD

64th Ohio Lt. Col. Robert Brown

65th Ohio Maj. Orlow Smith

THIRD DIVISION

Brigadier General THOMAS J. WOOD

First Brigade

Col. ABEL STREIGHT

15th Ohio Col. Frank Askew

49th Ohio Maj. Luther Strong

Second Brigade

Col. PHILLIP POST

41st Ohio Lt. Col. Robert Kimberly

71st Ohio Col. Henry McConnell

93rd Ohio Lt. Col. Daniel Bowen

124th Ohio Lt. Col. James Pickands

Third Brigade

Brigadier General SAMUEL BEATTY

13th Ohio Maj. Joseph Snider

19th Ohio Henry Stratton

Sources:

“for Cause for Country” and “Baptism of Fire” written by Eric Jacobson and Richard Rupp

Placement of the 93rd Ohio from “Ohio in the Civil War”, posted by William G. Schmidt

PLacement of the 15th Ohio from “Ohio in the Civil War” posted by Bob Bundy.2001